Goa’s flora is rich in biodiversity. The large area of Goa is covered with Cane, Bamboo, Semi-evergreen trees, Chillar barks, Maratha barks, bhirand. Coconut trees are ubiquitous and are present in almost all area of Goa. On the lower slopes you will find thinner, dry soil supports lateritic semi-evergreen forest. In the lower slopes, timbers such as teak are grown. The main flora of Goa include vegetation like teak, sal and cashew. Fruits like mangos, pineapples, jackfruits and blackberries. Cashew trees are planted in the large quantity as it can bear the hot and dry conditions. Small valleys are extremely fertile because of the hills around the valley. Today also the old methods are used for the cultivation of spices and fruits.
Even after the small size of Goa. It has a good variety of Fauna but there are few species which are not in great variety. Goa has specialized in birdlife. Foxes, wild boars and migratory birds are found in the jungles of Goa. The avifauna includes kingfishers, mynas and parrots. Crabs, lobsters, shrimps, jellyfish, oysters and catfish form some of the piscine catch. Goa has a high snake population. Goa is also rich in National Parks like Salim Ali bird sanctuary, Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary, Molem Wildlife Sanctuary, Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary, Madei Wildlife Sanctuary, Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary and Mahaveer Wildlife Sanctuary located on the island of Chorao.