On the Western side of the Indian map Goa covers a small area of about 3701sq.km. which is 105km wide. Maharashtra and Karnataka are the two states sharing the berder of Goa.
Goa has been divided into two parts-north and south Goa both the parts have major towns Panaji and Margao respectively. Beyond this separation Goa is further divided into 11 talukas. At the north side of Goa lies Pernem, Bicholim, Satari, Bardez, Tiswadi and Ponda and at the south side of the Goa lies Mormugao, Salcate, Sanguem, Quepem and Canacona.
The Western Ghats, the midland region and the coastal region are the three distinct categories under which Goa falls.
Western Ghats: On the east side of the Goa lies foothills and peaks of the Western Ghats. About 600sq km. of the total area of the Goa is covered by Sahyadri Range. Some of the main peaks are Sonsagar(1166m), Catlanchimauli(1107m), Vaguerim(1067m) and Morlemchogor(1036m). The Goa’s main river which is 77km in length is Mondovi.
Midland Region: Hinterland of Goa lies between Ghats and the Coast. It is a large area made up of laterite plateaue which is between 30m and 100m in height. The most of the area of the Goa is cover with laterite rock, it consists of iron and manganese ores. The plantation of Spice, fruit and areca nut are established in this region, it is more popular in the lower region where soil is richer. Coconut palms and fruits like jackfruit, pineapples and mangoes are sufficient source of water.
Coastal Region: Even after the separations of the total area of the Goa the coastal region is most popular amongst the Goa Tourists. Mangroves grows bigger and stronger on the saline soil of the Goa’s tidal rivers, and gives special habitat to birds and marine animals. The inland area known as Khazans, are reclaimed by building ‘bunds’ or embankments.The major part of the land is irrigated by using fresh water. For fish farming drainage canals are fillefd with salt water. For the collection of salt the flooded area of salt water are left to evaporate.