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Kerala Physiography

 
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Physiography of Kerala

The land of keralaputras or keram (coconut trees) straddled by the evergreen western ghats on one side and the fathomless Arabian sea on the other, is as differed from the rest of India, lying between north latitudes 80 18' and 12° 48' and east longitudes 74° 52' and 72° 22'.Kerala's coast runs for some 580 km (360 miles) while the state itself varies between 35 and 120 km (22 -75 miles) in width.

Whereas eastern kerala is situated at the west of the western ghats. It has high mountains, ganges and deep-cut valleys.Kerala has 41 flouring rivers and 3 of its east-flouring . West of mountains lie the midland plains composing central kerala ranging between elevations of 250-1000 metres, the eastern portions of Vilgiri and Palni Hills include such formations as Agastyamalai and Anamalai.

But western coastal belt is relatively flat and is criss-Crodded by a network of inter-connected brackish canal, lakes, estuaries, and rivers (kerala backwaters).

Extend :
Kerala extends over an area of 38,863 sq.km which is only 1.03 percent of the total area of India. It has a total coastline of 580 km. Its width varies greatly from west to east. It is about 120 kilometres at its maximum and just 30 kilometres at its minimum.

Neighbours :
Kerala is bordered by land on three sides and by the Arabian sea at the west. It shares its border with the state of Karnataka at the north and the rest of Kerala shares it border with Tamil Nadu. In fact, almost the whole of the western and southern frontiers of Kerala is surrounded by Tamil Nadu.
 

Total Geographical area: 38863 kmē
Hill Area:
92.57%
Plain Area:
7.43%
Area Covered By Forest:
63%
Location:
80 18 ' and 120 48 ' north latitude
740 52' and 770 22' east longitude
Total Population:
8,479,562 (2001 Census)
Male to Female Ratio: 1000 : 1058
Airports:
Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, and Kozhikode


 
 
 
 
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