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Home >> India >> Rajasthan >> History Back

 Rajasthan History



The origin of Rajasthan goes back to the Harappa or Indus valley civilization By 40 year. B.C. North land and come under the suzerainty of the Persian empire which has overthrown by Alexander, the Hellente in the Third Country B.C. The Hellences did not hold the North for long Chandragupta Maurya defeated them and established a dynasty. The breakup of the Mauryan empire led to a series of invasions until the emer-gence of imperial Gupthas (4th-6th Century) who unified aa larger part of the country and gave India its greatest period of art. After the decline off the Guptas, the north was again subjected to innumerable invasions by the 8th Century Most of the north-west desert was ruled by various Clans in small kingdoms but the height of their power and glory was between the 13th and 16th century. After their continuous intercalm rivary and the growing might of the Mughal Empire finally eroded their Strength. The   British came to terms with each Rajput Ruler with India becoming  an Independent Nation.
In 6th and 7th centuries, the Rajputs emerged as the rulers of the area now known as Rajasthan. Much of the history of Rajasthan is comprised of struggles the contending feudal states of the warrior Rajput calns, and a series of conflicts are the Mughals extended their power across northern India. Most of the Rajput royal houses, too individually weak to resist the burgeoning Mughals empire, kowtowed to its mighty rulers.

 Rajasthan History
The threat from the Mughals receded after the death of the last great Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb, in 1707, but then the Rajputs had to contend with the Marathas.

When the British came, the Rajput royal houses leapt at the chance to exchange their support of the Raj for British protection.After Independence in 1947, the single state of Rajasthan was pieced together from the various Rajput kingdom, and Jaipur emerged as the capital.The later history of Rajasthan is a history of various kingdoms and their regu lar wars with one another. It was not until the mid-sixth century that the brave Rajputs warriors par excellence came to dominate the Region and wrote the most glorious chapters of history with their blood and blade. Rajasthan was divided into Kingdom and the valiant Rajputs kept themselves busy with Skirmishes amongst the neighbouring Kindoms or else they faced the turnks, the mighty sultans of the Delhi Sultanate and later the great Mughals. The conglict between the Rajputs; and the Muslim Rulers of Delhi lasted for almost 550 years. This period saw the rise of prithviraj Chauhan, Ma-harani Padmini, the beautiful queen of Rana Rattan Signh of chittaur Rana Sangha Man Singh of Amer and Rana Pratap of Chittaur and scopes of other names which became hallowed in folk memory. It was a period of fierce loyalties and of death before dishonour.

It is this period in the history of Rajasthan that continues to live on in the proud inhabitants of this Region and gives it a special charm of its own, unmatched by any other place, anywhere in the world.
This diverse state is home of the rajputs, a group of warrior clans who have controlled this part of india for 1000 years according to a code of chivalry and honour akin to that of the medieval european knights.While temporary alliances and marriages of convenience were the order of the day, pride and independence were always paramount. The rajputs were therefore never able to present a united front against a common aggressor. Indeed, much of their energy was spent squabbling among themselves and the resultant weakness eventually led to their becoming vassal states of the mughal empire. Nevertheless, the Rajputs bravery and sense of honour were unparalleled.

Rajput warriors would fight against all odds and, when no hope was left, chivalry demanded that jauhar take place.In this grim ritual, the women and children committed suicide by immolating themselves on a huge funeral pyre, while the men donned saffron robes and rode out to confront the enemy and certain death. In some of the larger battles, tens of thousands of Rajput warriors lost their lives in this way.Three times in chittorgarh's long history the women consigned themselves to the flames

while the men rode out to their martyrdom. The same tragic fate befell many other forts around the state. It's hardly surprising that Akbar persuaded Rajputs to lead his army, nor that subsequent Mughal emperors had such difficulty controlling this part of their empire.

With the decline of the Mughal empire, the Rajputs gradually clawed back their indedependence through a series of spectacular victories, but then a new force appeared on the scene in the form of the British.
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