The origin of Rajasthan goes back to the Harappa or Indus valley civilization By 40 year. B.C. North land and come under the suzerainty of the Persian empire which has overthrown by Alexander, the Hellente in the Third Country B.C. The Hellences did not hold the North for long Chandragupta Maurya defeated them and established a dynasty. The breakup of the Mauryan empire led to a series of invasions until the emer-gence of imperial Gupthas (4th-6th Century) who unified aa larger part of the country and gave India its greatest period of art. After the decline off the Guptas, the north was again subjected to innumerable invasions by the 8th Century Most of the north-west desert was ruled by various Clans in small kingdoms but the height of their power and glory was between the 13th and 16th century. After their continuous intercalm rivary and the growing might of the Mughal Empire finally eroded their Strength. The British came to terms with each Rajput Ruler with India becoming an Independent Nation.
In 6th and 7th centuries, the Rajputs emerged as the rulers of the area now known as Rajasthan. Much of the history of Rajasthan is comprised of struggles the contending feudal states of the warrior Rajput calns, and a series of conflicts are the Mughals extended their power across northern India. Most of the Rajput royal houses, too individually weak to resist the burgeoning Mughals empire, kowtowed to its mighty rulers.